Gums that are red, inflamed and/or highly sensitive are some of the most obvious signs of gum disease or periodontal disease. Periodontists are experts in the treatment of oral inflammation. Diseases that affect the gums and bone around teeth and dental implants are predominantly inflammatory in nature. Periodontists are the dental specialists for these problems. Sometimes the treatment is as straightforward as a deep cleaning to remove plaque and tartar. Your dentist may recommend using medication — usually in the form of a mouth rinse — to help reduce bacteria.
A severe form of gum disease — called periodontitis — requires surgery to close up areas of the gum that have become loose and exposed. Bone grafts and grafts to attach more gum tissue are ways that periodontists treat severe periodontal disease.